Screening tests for women

General health

- Full checkup
Ages 18-39: Every 5 years or so. Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 40-49: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 50-64: Every year or so. Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 65+: Every year or so. Discuss with your doctor or nurse.

- Thyroid test (TSH)
Ages 18-39: Start at age 35, then every 5 years.
Ages 40-49: Every 5 years
Ages 50-64: Every 5 years
Ages 65+: Every 5 years

Heart health

- Blood pressure test
Ages 18-39: At least every 2 years
Ages 40-49: At least every 2 years
Ages 50-64: At least every 2 years
Ages 65+: At least every 2 years

- Cholesterol test
Ages 18-39: Start at age 20 if you smoke, have diabetes or a family history of heart disease.
Ages 40-49: Check cholesterol regularly starting at age 45. Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 50-64: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 65+: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.

Bone health

- Bone mineral density test
Ages 40-49: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 50-64: Discuss with your doctor or nurse. You may be screened at age 60 if you have a familyhistory of osteoporosis or other risk factors.
Ages 65+: Get a bone mineral density test at least once. Talk to your doctor or nurse about repeat testing.

Diabetes

- Blood sugar test
Ages 18-39: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 40-49: Start at age 45, then every 3 years.
Ages 50-64: Every 3 years
Ages 65+: Every 3 years

Breast health

- Mammogram
Ages 40-49: Every 1 or 2 years. Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 50-64: Every 1 or 2 years. Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 65+: Every 1 or 2 years. Discuss with your doctor or nurse.

Reproductive Health

- Pap test and pelvic exam
Ages 18-39: Every 1-3 years if you have been sexually active or are older than 21.
Ages 40-49: Every 1 to 3 years
Ages 50-64: Every 1 to 3 years
Ages 65+: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.

- Chlamydia test
Ages 18-39: If sexually active, yearly until age 25. From ages 26-39, if you are at high risk for sexually transmitted diseases, you may need this test.
Ages 40-49: If you are at high risk, you may need this test.
Ages 50-64: If you are at high risk, you may need this test.
Ages 65+: If you are at high risk, you may need this test.

- Sexually transmitted disease tests
Ages 18-39: Both partners should get tested for STDs, including HIV, before having sex.
Ages 40-49: Both partners should get tested before having sex.
Ages 50-64: Both partners should get tested before having sex.
Ages 65+: Both partners should get tested before having sex.

Colorectal health

Your doctor will help you decide which test is right for you.
- Occult blood test
Ages 50-64: Yearly, plus yearly sigmoidoscopy
Ages 65+: Every five years if not having a colonoscopy.

- Double contrast barium enema
Ages 50-64: Every 5-10 years if not having a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy.
Ages 65+: Every 5-10 years if not having a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy.

- Colonoscopy
Ages 50-64: Every 10 years
Ages 65+: Every 10 years

- Rectal exam
Ages 50-64: Every 5-10 years
Ages 65+: Every 5-10 years

Eye and ear health

- Eye exam
Ages 18-39: Get your eyes checked if you have problems.
Ages 40-49: Every 2-4 years
Ages 50-64: Every 2-4 years
Ages 65+: Every 1-2 years

- Hearing test
Ages 18-39: Starting at age 18, then every 10 years.
Ages 40-49: Every 10 years
Ages 50-64: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 65+: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.

Skin health

- Mole exam
Ages 18-39: Monthly mole self-exam, by a doctor every 3 years starting at age 20.
Ages 40-49: Monthly mole self-exam, by a doctor every year.
Ages 50-64: Monthly mole self-exam, by a doctor every year.
Ages 65+: Monthly mole self-exam, by a doctor every year.

Oral health

- Dental exam
Ages 18-39: Once or twice a year
Ages 40-49: Once or twice a year
Ages 50-64: Once or twice a year

Mental health screening

Ages 18-39: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 40-49: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 50-64: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 65+: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.

Immunizations

- Influenza vaccine
Ages 18-39: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 40-49: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 50-64: Yearly
Ages 65+: Yearly

- Pneumococcal vaccine
Ages 65+: Once

- Tetanus-diphtheria booster vaccine
Ages 18-39: Every 10 years
Ages 40-49: Every 10 years
Ages 50-64: Every 10 years
Ages 65+: Every 10 years

Resources: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, American Academy of Family Physicians and National Women's Health Information Center