Screening tests for men

General health

- Full checkup
Ages 18-39: Every five years or so. Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 40-49: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 50-64: Every year or two. Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 65+: Every year or two. Discuss with your doctor or nurse.

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

Ages 65+: Once if you have ever smoked.

Heart health

- Blood pressure test
Ages 18-39: At least every 2 years
Ages 40-49: At least every 2 years
Ages 50-64: Yearly
Ages 65+: Yearly

- Cholesterol test
Ages 18-39: Start at age 20, discuss with your doctor or nurse. At least every 5 years starting at age 35.
Ages 40-49: At least every 5 years. Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 50-64: At least every 3-5 years, if normal. Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 65+: Every 3 to 5 years, if normal. Discuss with your doctor or nurse.

Diabetes

- Blood sugar test
Ages 18-39: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 40-49: Start at age 45, then every 3 years.
Ages 50-64: Every 3 years
Ages 65+: Every 3 years

Prostate health

- Digital rectal exam
Ages 40-49: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 50-64: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 65+: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.

- Prostate-Specific Antigen blood test
Ages 40-49: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 50-64: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 65+: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.

Reproductive health

- Testicular exam
Ages 18-39: Monthly self-exam and part of a general checkup.
Ages 40-49: Monthly self-exam and part of a general checkup.
Ages 50-64: Monthly self-exam and part of a general checkup.
Ages 65+: Monthly self-exam and part of a general checkup.

- Chlamydia test
Ages 18-39: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 40-49: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 50-64: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 65+: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.

- Sexually transmitted disease tests
Ages 18-39: Both partners should get tested for STDs, including HIV, before having sex.
Ages 40-49: Both partners should get tested for STDs, including HIV, before having sex.
Ages 50-64: Both partners should get tested for STDs, including HIV, before having sex.
Ages 65+: Both partners should get tested for STDs, including HIV, before having sex.

Colorectal health

Your doctor will help you decide which test is right for you.
- Occult blood test
Ages 40-49: Yearly in men 30 to 50 years old.
Ages 50-64: Yearly
Ages 65+: Yearly

- Flexible sigmoidoscopy
Ages 50-64: Every 5 years
Ages 65+: Every 3-5 years

- Double contrast barium enema
Ages 50-64: Every 5-10 years if not having a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy.
Ages 65+: Every 5-10 years if not having a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy.

- Colonoscopy
Ages 50-64: Every 10 years
Ages 65+: Every 10 years

- Rectal exam
Ages 18-39: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 40-49: Yearly in men 30 to 50 years old.
Ages 50-64: Every 5 to 10 years, with each screening (sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy or DCBE)
Ages 65+: Every 5 to 10 years with each screening (sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy or DCBE)

Eye and ear health

- Eye exam
Ages 18-39: Get eyes checked if you have problems.
Ages 40-49: Every 2-4 years
Ages 50-64: Yearly
Ages 65+: yearly

- Hearing test
Ages 18-39: Starting at age 18, then every 10 years.
Ages 40-49: Every 10 years
Ages 50-64: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 65+: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.

Skin health

- Mole exam
Ages 18-39: Monthly mole self-exam, by a doctor every 3 years starting at age 20.
Ages 40-49: Monthly mole self-exam, by a doctor every year.
Ages 50-64: Monthly mole self-exam, by a doctor every year.
Ages 65+: Monthly mole self-exam, by a doctor every year.

Oral health

- Dental exam
Ages 18-39: Once or twice a year
Ages 40-49: Once or twice a year
Ages 50-64: Once or twice a year
Ages 65+: Once or twice a year

Mental health screening

Ages 18-39: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 40-49: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 50-64: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 65+: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.

Immunizations

- Influenza vaccine
Ages 18-39: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 40-49: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 50-64: Yearly
Ages 65+: Yearly

- Pneumococcal vaccine
Ages 65+: Once

- Tetanus-diphtheria booster vaccine
Ages 18-39: Every 10 years
Ages 40-49: Every 10 years
Ages 50-64: Every 10 years
Ages 65+: Every 10 years

Thyroid function

Ages 40-49: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 50-64: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.
Ages 65+: Discuss with your doctor or nurse.

Resources: American Academy of Family Physicians; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; National Women's Health Information Center,U.S Department of Health and Human Services; American Medical Association.